One of the cases that we have seen most by the Hyperbaric Center of Estepona has been patients suffering from Diabetic Foot. Sometimes they have reached us in such an advanced stage of the disease that little could be done.
In order that this does not happen in more occasions, we bring you this article where we tell you what is the Diabetic Foot and how we can detect it.
Definition of Diabetic Foot
The condition of the diabetic foot comes from the disease of diabetes itself, in which blood sugar levels are very high, which can lead to the passage of time that the nerves and blood vessels are damaged. One of the most typical cases is in the feet, causing ulcers and infections. In severe cases the foot is amputated.
The condition of the diabetic foot, caused by alterations of blood vessels and nerves, is often complicated by ulcers that require amputation. It is one of the most costly complications of diabetes, especially in human groups who do not wear appropriate footwear. It is a consequence of vascular and nervous disorders. Frequent foot examination and care can help prevent amputation. Comprehensive foot care programs can reduce amputations by 45% to 85%.
OMS (Organización Mundial de la Salud)
Diabetic Foot Symptoms
Loss of sensation in the foot Pain, temperature changes, or pressure are barely noticeable.
Muscle weakness and atrophy, which can cause foot deformities.
- Dry skin with a tendency to crack.
- Edemas and vascular distensions.
Diabetic foot phases
Diabetic Foot Treatment
There are a number of actions that can help us to prevent this situation.
Daily inspection of the foot to detect blistering lesions, haemorrhages, maceration and interdigital excoriations. A mirror will be used to inspect the sole and heel.
Change socks and shoes twice a day.
Never walk without shoes. Use wide shoes in places such as the beach or swimming pool.
Never use hot water bottles or heating pads to heat them.
Never use the resection of ingrown nails or calluses. Go to a podiatrist.
Do not rush the cutting of the nails, but do it straight and file them gently.
Wash your feet with soap and water for five minutes. Rinse thoroughly and dry thoroughly, especially between the toes.
Before using hot water in foot hygiene, measure the temperature with your elbow.
Apply moisturizing cream after bathing, but not in the interdigital spaces due to the risk of maceration.
Try to walk every day.
Notify your nurse or family doctor of the onset of swelling, redness or aceration even if it is painless.
Avoid pressure from foot bedding.DIABETIC FOOT CARE PROTOCOLS. Ramon y Cajal University Hospital.
A treatment that gives very good results, as long as it is taken in time, is hyperbaric oxygen therapy. The hyperbaric chamber produces a rescue effect on the hypoxic tissue allowing healing and on the other hand generates a neo-vascular network that can replace the diseased vessels.