Today we are going to talk to you about the diabetic foot and the benefits that hyperbaric medicine has on this condition derived from diabetes.
These days there has been news on the Ana Rosa Quintana program, the AR Program, of how hyperbaric medicine has helped a patient with diabetes. This help has consisted of nothing less than that this patient has managed not to lose the only leg he had left, since he had already had to point one of them due to gangrene caused by diabetes itself.
The oxygen therapy treatment to which he was exposed managed to counteract this gangrene effect by providing the oxygen that the skin needed.
Diabetes and hyperbaric medicine
Diabetes is considered a true epidemic of the 21st century. Directly related to current dietary habits and overweight, there are currently 246 million people in the world affected by type 2 diabetes, a figure that according to studies by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), could reach 489 million people by 2030.
One of the complications presented by diabetics is skin healing problems. These problems in the diabetic patient, in general, and especially in the feet, occur because the blood circulation is deteriorated, there is poor nervous sensitivity that predisposes to other local trauma, less responsiveness to infections and a decrease in the speed of cell repair and the tissues repaired are weak compared to healthy tissue. In short, not enough oxygen reaches the damaged tissue.
In fact, diabetes is responsible for 20% of lower extremity amputations. Spain is the second country in the world with the most amputations of lower limbs due to type 2 diabetes, according to the Diabetic Foot Magazine in its October 2014 issue.
This same professional publication argues the need to approach the treatment of the diabetic foot from a multidisciplinary point of view, where, in addition to doctors, surgeons, endocrinologists and nurses, the application of Hyperbaric Medicine acquires a relevant position, an indication even endorsed by the highest authority in the matter, the UHMS (Undersea and Hyperbarical Medical Society).
How oxygen therapy works in cases of diabetic foot
One of the world’s leading experts in Hyperbaric Medicine, Dr. Nina Subbotina, explains in her book ‘Hyperbaric Medicine’ that Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy is a physiopathological treatment for the diabetic foot. The therapy consists of subjecting the patient breathing pure oxygen to a pressure higher than the atmospheric pressure, something that can only be achieved in a hyperbaric chamber with the characteristics of that possessed by the Hyperbaric Medical Center of Estepona, HMCE, being individual in nature and therefore able to apply an exclusive and personalized treatment for the need of each patient, in addition to having all the safety requirements demanded by modern medicine.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy, adds Dr. Subbotina, acts on the tissue repair mechanisms altered by hypoxia or lack of oxygen and allows the diffusion of oxygen into the blood at a deeper level, increases collagen synthesis, increases angiogenesis or the creation of new blood capillaries, favours the response to protection against infection and even improves the assimilation potentiates the action of some antibiotics.
It is estimated that expenses derived from diabetes represent between 6.3% and 7.4% of total healthcare expenditure in Spain.
29% of healthcare expenditure is dedicated to diabetes control, while approximately 40% is dedicated to the treatment of associated complications.
Patients with type 2 diabetes with complications and associated morbidities generate a cost 2.4 times higher for the health system than those without complications. The diabetic foot is considered a more costly complication of diabetes.
Undergoing Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy sessions can not only reduce the level of amputation in complicated diabetic foot cases, but in many cases can completely eliminate this intervention if caught in time.
Estepona Hyperbaric Center
If you need more information, do not hesitate to contact the Centro Médico Hiperbárico de Estepona on 952 806 796 or through the website www.centrohiperbarico.com, where you will be attended by qualified professionals capable of responding to all your questions without commitment.