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Origins of the hyperbaric chamber

Today we would like to tell you about the origins of the hyperbaric chamber, its history and how this medical discipline was born.

Origins of the hyperbaric chamber

It may surprise you, but hyperbaric medicine dates back to 1662, which makes this discipline more than 300 years old. Although, as we know it today, modern hyperbaric medicine dates back to the 60s, so the previous documents are merely historical, but no less interesting or relevant.

As mentioned, the origins of the hyperbaric chamber date back to the sixteenth century when Henshaw, a British clergyman who was a physiologist and physician, sensed that the increase in air pressure could alleviate some acute injuries, while, according to him, the pressures Low levels could be useful in chronic pathologies.

The first hyperbaric chamber was built by Henshaw, and he called it “Domicilium”, it was also hyper and hypobaric.

After this, years later, the so-called “compressed air baths” spread across Europe, in which people breathed air, not oxygen, but by increasing the air pressure, they increased the partial pressure of oxygen.

Between 1837 and 1877 in several cities in Europe, such as Berlin, Amsterdam, Brussels, London, Vienna and Milan, the so-called “Tire Centers” were opened, one of the most recognized being the one founded by Bertini in Montpelier.

In the 19th century, the benefits of oxygen therapy began to be discovered. It was Orville J. Runinghan, an anesthesia professor at the University of Kansas, who used the high partial pressure of oxygen to treat hypoxic states, and observed how patients with heart problems and circulatory disorders, who felt badly living in the mountains, improved. sea ​​level, so he considered that increasing the pressure can be beneficial for these people.

In addition, thanks to his studies, it was learned that:

Cunningham considered that some anaerobic microorganisms were responsible for diseases such as hypertension, uremia, diabetes and cancer, and that the therapy with compressed air helped to produce the destruction of these microorganisms.

The origins of modern hyperbaric medicine

One of the first scientific evidences of hyperbaric medicine as we know it today goes back to the work of Paul Bert “La Pression baromeetrique: recherches de physiologie expéerimentale”, published in 1878.

Bert was the first to propose recompression therapy with oxygen, although modern therapy was implemented years later.

Y. going back to 1960, when the origin of scientific hyperbaric medicine is really considered, it was when the first patient with gas gangrene in the hyperbaric chamber was treated at the hospital in Amsterdam.

For any questions about hyperbaric medicine and oxygen therapy treatments, you just have to get in touch with the experts at the Hyperbaric Center of Estepona.

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