Sports medicine has the following fundamental objectives:
Prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of those injuries or conditions arising from exercise on the human body.
Treatment of the rehabilitation of traumatic injuries suffered by athletes.
Physical preparation of the athlete to obtain the maximum performance.
In the physical preparation of golf, the compensation of imbalances and the protection of the spine should be emphasized in order to avoid injuries. The following elements are involved in the practice of golf:
Wrists and forearms, which suffer great stresses in the hits and braked by the weight of the club.
It is the joint most involved, especially in the braking of the swing.
Thoracic musculature, which should stabilize the spine by hitting and braking the turn by rotation.
Adequate foot support, which provides stability and balance, as its lack of control will generate a poor hit.
Hyperbaric oxygen would be indicated in overtraining syndrome, in the treatment and rehabilitation of traumatic injuries, in the post-operative period of joint and muscle injuries and also in the physical preparation of the athlete.
Over training is manifested by asthenia, easy tiredness, weight loss, insomnia, dizziness during exercise, late recovery after exercise and alterations in pulse rate and blood pressure. All these symptoms occur in the late stages of training. Oxygen therapy resolves those disorders that have an ischemic nature, without the need to interrupt the physical workload of the training.
As for the treatment of traumatic injuries, the use of HBO should be initiated early, thus reducing the edema and pain of the acute stage, accelerates recovery and return to active training and improves the consolidation of fractures and soft tissue injuries.